Evaluation of molar and incisor bite force in indigenous compared with white population in Brazil

dc.contributor.authorRegalo, Simone Cecilio Hallak
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Carla Moreto
dc.contributor.authorVitti, Mathias
dc.contributor.authorRegalo, Carlos Alberto
dc.contributor.authorVasconcelos, Paulo Batista de
dc.contributor.authorMestriner, Wilson
dc.contributor.authorSemprini, Marisa
dc.contributor.authorDias, Fernando José
dc.contributor.authorHallak, Jaime Eduardo Cecilio
dc.contributor.authorSiéssere, Selma
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to determine maximum bite force in molar and incisor regions in young Brazilian indigenous individuals, who have had a natural diet since birth, and compare the sample with white Brazilian individuals. To do this, individuals were paired one-to-one (same weight, height, and Class I facial pattern). A secondary purpose was to elucidate the relation between bite force and gender in both populations. Eighty-two Brazilians took part in this study. Participants were aged between 18 and 28 years and were divided into two groups: 41 Xingu indigenous individuals and 41 white Brazilian individuals, with 28 men and 13 women in each group. The inclusion criteria were: having complete dentition; normal occlusion; no neurological, psychiatric or movement disorders; no reports of toothaches; having satisfactory periodontal health; absence of large facial skeletal alterations (typical Class II and Class III individuals); and no previous treatments using occlusal splints. To measure maximum bite force, a digital dynamometer model IDDK (Kratos-Equipamentos Industriais Ltda, Cotia, São Paulo, Brazil) was used, with a capacity of 1000N, adapted for oral conditions. Assessments were made in the first molar (right and left) and central incisive regions. Results reveal that mean maximum bite forces in indigenous individuals of the right molar is 421N, left molar 429N and incisor region is 194N and for white individuals of the right molar is 410N, left molar 422N and incisor region is 117N. Comparing indigenous with white individuals, maximal bite force showed a tendency of being greater in the indigenous group. It was observed that the incisor region showed statistical significance (p<0.0005) but no significance was observed in the molar region. Moreover, indigenous men showed the highest bite force values.en_US
dc.identifier.citationREGALO, Simone Cecilio Hallak; SANTOS, Carla Moreto; VITTI, Mathias; REGALO, Carlos Alberto; DE VASCONCELOS, Paulo Batista; MESTRINER, Wilson; SEMPRINI, Marisa; DIAS, Fernando José; HALLAK, Jaime Eduardo Cecilio; SIéSSERE, Selma. Evaluation of molar and incisor bite force in indigenous compared with white population in Brazil. Archives of Oral Biology, v. 53, n. 3, p. 282-286, 2008.en_US
dc.rightsclosed accessen_US
dc.subject.decsAlimentos, Dieta e Nutriçãoen_US
dc.subject.otherÍndios Sul-Americanosen_US
dc.subject.otherSaúde de Populações Indígenasen_US
dc.subject.otherRegião Amazônicaen_US
dc.subject.otherRegião Centro-Oesteen_US
dc.subject.otherSaúde Bucalen_US
dc.subject.otherEstudos Epidemiológicosen_US
dc.subject.otherParque Indigena do Xinguen_US
dc.subject.otherAlimentação e Nutriçãoen_US
dc.titleEvaluation of molar and incisor bite force in indigenous compared with white population in Brazilen_US
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