Prevalência do Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade (TDAH) em uma população de crianças e adolescentes índias da etnia Karajá.

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open access
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Dissertation
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2009
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Abstract
Few studies have been carried out worldwide about ADHD among indigenous children and no study has been conducted in Brazil so far. This study aims to evaluate the estimated prevalence of ADHD among the indigenous populations of Karajá children and adolescents aged 7 to 14 years old. Three of the largest settlements pertaining to this ethnic group were investigated and a sample of 144 subjects of a total population of 350 individuals was collected. The sample was randomly collected and stratified according to the age bands and gender (male and female) proportionally to the size of each participating settlement. Both the CBCL/6-18 (Child Behavior Checklist for ages 6 18) and the TRF (Teacher s Report Form 6-18) were used as instruments of epidemiological tracking of behavioral and emotional problems. Of these instruments, the data used were those compatible with the DSM-IV and ADHD diagnoses as well as Affective Disorder, Anxiety Disorders, Oppositional Defiant Disorders and Conduct Disorders comorbidities. The results indicate a prevalence of 10.4% (95% CI 6.6 14.2) when the respondents are either the parents or the guardians and 2.8% (95% CI 0.7 4.8) when the respondents are the teachers. Of the 144 interviewed participants, 30 had ADHD and comorbidities were 86.7% (95% CI 74.5 98.8) for conduct disorders, 86.7% (95% CI 74.5 98.8) for oppositional defiant disorders, 83.3% Abstract xxviii (95% CI 70.0 96.7) for anxiety disorders and 60% (95% CI 42.5 77.5) for affective disorders. ADHD is then concluded to exist in a population so culturally diverse from that of the east white and to have a high prevalence rate and the comorbidities routinely found in all populations of children from a number of diverse cultures around the globe.
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Brasil, Índios Sul-Americanos, Região Norte, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Mato Grosso, Região Amazônica, Região Centro-Oeste, Karajá, Tocantins, Saúde Mental, Saúde da Criança, Transtorno do Déficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade, Alimentação e Nutrição
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Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Região Amazônica, Saúde Mental, Saúde da Criança, Alimentos, Dieta e Nutrição
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AZEVÊDO, Paulo Verlaine Borges e. Prevalência do Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade (TDAH) em uma população de crianças e adolescentes índias da etnia Karajá. 2009. 242 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2009
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
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Goiânia
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