Burden of anemia among indigenous populations

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open access
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Article
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2011
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Oxford University Press
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University of Sydney at Royal North Shore Hospital. Sydney, Australia / Department of Clinical and Population Perinatal Research, Kolling Institute of Medical Research. Sydney Australia.
Hospital for Sick Children and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto. Toronto, Ontario, Canada
University of Toronto. Department of Paediatrics. Hospital for Sick Children. Department of Nutritional Sciences. Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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Abstract
Abstract
An international perspective of the magnitude of anemia in indigenous peoples is currently lacking. The present systematic review was performed to characterize the global prevalence, severity, and etiology of anemia in indigenous peoples by conducting a systematic search of original research published in English from 1996 to February 2010 using PubMed, Medline, and Embase. A total of 50 studies, representing the following 13 countries, met the inclusion criteria: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Guatemala, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, the United States, and Venezuela. Results indicate major deficiencies in the coverage and quality of anemia monitoring data for indigenous populations worldwide. The burden of anemia is overwhelmingly higher among indigenous groups compared to the general population and represents a moderate (20-39.9%) to severe (≥40%) public health problem. For the most part, the etiology of anemia is preventable and includes inadequate diet, poor living conditions, and high infection rates (i.e., malaria and intestinal parasites). A concerted global effort is needed to reduce the worldwide burden of anemia in these marginalized populations.
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Keywords in Portuguese
Brasil, Índios Sul-Americanos, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Malária, Índios Norte-Americanos, Revisão, Oceania, Anemia, Enteropatias Parasitárias, Doenças Parasitárias, Deficiências Nutricionais, Austrália, Índios Latino-Americanos, África, Ásia
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Brasil, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Índios Sul-Americanos, Malária, Anemia, Enteropatias Parasitárias, Doenças Parasitárias, Deficiências Nutricionais
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KHAMBALIA, Amina Z.; AIMONE, Ashley M.; ZLOTKIN, Stanley H.. Burden of anemia among indigenous populations. Nutrition Reviews, v. 69, n. 12, p. 693-719, 2011.
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1753-4887
DOI
10.1111/j.1753-4887.2011.00437.x
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