Mitochondrial DNA Polymorphism in Three Brazilian Indian Tribes

Copyright
open access
Type
Article
Date
1996
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Wiley-Liss
Alternative Title
Authors
Ward, R. H.
Salzano, Francisco M.
Bonatto, Sandro Luis
Hutz, M. H.
Coimbra Junior, Carlos Everaldo Alvares
Santos, Ricardo Ventura
Affilliation
University of Utah. School of Medicine. Department of Human Genetics. Salt Lake City, Utah
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Instituto de Biociências. Departamento de Genética. Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Instituto de Biociências. Departamento de Genética. Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Instituto de Biociências. Departamento de Genética. Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil / Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Departamento de Antropologia. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
Advisor
Co-Advisor
Committee Member
Organizer
Coordinator(s)
Institutional author
Director
item.page.production
Screenplay
Producer
Recorder
Abstract
Abstract
he first 360 base pairs of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) major noncoding region from 82 individuals affiliated with the Brazilian Xavante, Zoro and GaviBo tribes were sequenced. A total of 14 different lineages were observed, the largest number (8) being found among the Zoro. The latter share five lineages with the Gaviiio (who are their neighbors and are culturally similar to them), but only one with the Xavante. The lineages can be grouped into four clusters, previously identified by other authors. The 9 base pair deletion characteristic of Asian and Pacific populations occurs in 32% of the individuals, whose mtDNA was classified in five lineages, all grouped in one of the four clusters. Nucleotide diversity, as evaluated by three indices, are not much different from those observed in Indians from Central and North America, despite the fact that the Xavante consistently show lower numbers. These results do not confirm previous generalizations about the genetic diversity of Amerindians, and the need for additional studies in this system is stressed.
Abstract in Spanish
Abstract in French
Description
Keywords in Portuguese
Brasil, Índios Sul-Americanos, Região Norte, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Mato Grosso, Região Amazônica, Região Centro-Oeste, Gavião, Rondônia, Xavante, Zoró, Genética Humana
Keywords
Keywords in Spanish
Keywords in French
DeCS
Brasil, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Índios Sul-Americanos, Ecossistema Amazônico, Genética Humana
Event Date
Previous version
Related Document
Means of dissemination
Duration
Duration
Original color system
Target audience context
Audience occupation
Educational Description
Evaluation
Peer Reviewed
Publication Status
Sponsorship
Latest version
Version
Event Location
Event title
Event Type
Citation
WARD, R. H. et al. Mitochondrial DNA Polymorphism in Three Brazilian Indian Tribes. American Journal of Human Biology, v. 8, p. 317-323, 1996.
ISBN
ISSN
DOI
Defense Institution
Degree date
Defense location
Programa