Clinical characteristics of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome by COVID-19 in Indigenous of Brazil

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open access
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Article
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2020-10-27
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medRxiv
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The indigenous people of Brazil present several cases and deaths, affecting 158 peoples, with high vulnerability and limited access to health services. Objective: Investigate the clinical characteristics of severe acute respiratory syndrome by COVID-19 in indigenous peoples of Brazil. Method :The epidemiological, cross-sectional, and analytical study, from the data of the platform opendataSUS referring to the SIVEP-GRIPE in the period of 01/01/2020 until 31/08/2020. Profile variables, signs and symptoms, and risk factors/comorbidities. The data were analyzed by Bioestat 5.3. Results :1,207 cases and 470 deaths. Profile: male gender (59.48%) mean age 53. Signs and symptoms: fever (74.23%), cough (77.71%), sore throat (35.62%), dyspnea (69.34%), respiratory discomfort (62.80%), O2 saturation <95% (56.42%); and associated with mortality: dyspnea (80.0%) and O2 saturation <95% (69.36%). Risk factors and comorbidities (45.89%) were associated with deaths (54.04%). Comorbidities: Chronic Cardiovascular Disease (18.97%) and Diabetes Mellitus (18.97%), and associated with deaths: Chronic Cardiovascular Disease (24.46%). There was significance in the survivors vaccinated for influenza (26.18%). Conclusion : The public and health policies of Brazil should be directed to control the dissemination of COVID-19 in this population, that COVID-19 evolves in the same intensity, however, the indigenous have vulnerabilities that can enhance the impact of the pandemic in this population.
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Brazil, Indians, South American, Health of Indigenous Peoples, Coronavirus Infections, SARS-CoV-2
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Epidemiologic Studies
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Brasil, Índios Sul-Americanos, Estudos Epidemiológicos, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Infecções por Coronavirus, Síndrome Respiratória Aguda
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SARDINHA, D. M. et al. Clinical characteristics of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome by COVID-19 in Indigenous of Brazil. medRxiv, p. 2020.10.24.20218701, 1 jan. 2020. Disponível em: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.10.24.20218701v3. Acesso em: 18 out. 2021
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10.1101/2020.10.24.20218701
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