Waist circumference and waist circumference to height ratios of Kaingáng indigenous adolescents from the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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2012
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Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca. Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
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Faculdade de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brasil.
Instituto de Estudos em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
Instituto de Nutrição Josué de Castro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.
Departamento de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brasil.
Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brasil.
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Abstract
The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of waist circumference (WC) and WC to height (WCTH) values among Kaingáng indigenous adolescents in order to estimate the prevalence of high WCTH values and evaluate the correlation between WC and WCTH and body mass index (BMI)-for-age. A total of 1,803 indigenous adolescents were evaluated using a school-based cross-sectional study. WCTH values > 0.5 were considered high. Higher mean WC and WCTH values were observed for girls in all age categories. WCTH values > 0.5 were observed in 25.68% of the overall sample of adolescents. Mean WC and WCTH values were significantly higher for adolescents with BMI/age z-scores > 2 than for those with normal z-scores. The correlation coefficients of WC and WCTH for BMI/age were r = 0.68 and 0.76, respectively, for boys, and r = 0.79 and 0.80, respectively, for girls. This study highlights elevated mean WC and WCTH values and high prevalence of abdominal obesity among Kaingáng indigenous adolescents.
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Brasil, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Epidemiologia, Região Sul, Antropometria, Kaingang, Rio Grande do Sul, Kaingáng, Estudos Epidemiológicos, Índice de Massa Corporal, Estado Nutricional, Avaliação Nutricional, Sobrepeso e Obesidade, Inquéritos Nutricionais, Saúde do Adolescente, Circunferência da Cintura, Alimentação e Nutrição
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Brasil, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Epidemiologia, Antropometria, Estudos Epidemiológicos, Índice de Massa Corporal, Estado Nutricional, Avaliação Nutricional, Inquéritos Nutricionais, Saúde do Adolescente, Circunferência da Cintura, Alimentos, Dieta e Nutrição
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CASTRO, Teresa Gontijo de; BARUFALDI, Laura A.; SCHLüSSEL, Michael Maia; CONDE, Wolney Lisboa; LEITE, Maurício Soares; SCHUCH, Ilaine. Waist circumference and waist circumference to height ratios of Kaingáng indigenous adolescents from the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, v. 28, n. 11, p. 2053-2062, 2012.
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1678-4464
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10.1590/S0102-311X2012001100005
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