Prevalence of hypertension and associated factors in an indigenous community of Central Brazil: a population-based Study

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open access
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Article
Date
2014-01
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Public Library of Science
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Federal University of Grande Dourados. Clinical Medicine Department. Dourados, MS, Brasil
Federal University of Grande Dourados. Clinical Medicine Department. Dourados, MS, Brasil
Federal University of Grande Dourados. Clinical Medicine Department. Dourados, MS, Brasil
Federal University of Grande Dourados. Faculty of Health Sciences. Dourados, MS, Brasil
University of Brasilia. Faculty of Medicine. Brasília, DF, Brasil / Federal University of Amazonas. Getulio Vargas University Hospital. Manaus, AM, Brasil
Federal University of Amazonas. Faculty of Medicine. Manaus, AM, Brasil
University of Brasilia. Faculty of Medicine. Brasília, DF, Brasil
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Abstract
Abstract
Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension and cardiovascular risk factors among the native indigenous of Jaguapiru village in Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted with adult indigenous aged 18 years or more. The subjects' blood pressure was measured twice, and the mean of the two measurements was calculated. Body weight, height, capillary blood glucose and waist circumference were measured. Pregnant women, individuals using glucocorticoids, and non-indigenous villagers and their offspring were excluded. Multivariate regression analyses were conducted on the socio-demographic and clinical independent variables. Interactions between independent variables were also tested. Results We included 1,608 native indigenous eligible to the research. The prevalence of hypertension was 29.5% (95% CI: 27–31.5), with no significant difference between the genders. For both men and women, diastolic hypertension was more common than systolic hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension was higher among obese, diabetic, and older participants, as well as those who consumed alcohol, had a lower educational level, or had a family history of hypertension. There was no association between hypertension and tobacco smoking or family income. Conclusion: Hypertension among the indigenous from Jaguapiru village was similar to the prevalence in the Brazilians, but may have a more negative effect in such disadvantaged population. The associated factors we found can help drawing prevention policies
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Documento integrante de acervo pessoal doado pelos pesquisadores Ricardo Ventura Santos e Carlos Coimbra Jr
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Acervo Pessoal, Doenças e Agravos Não Transmissíveis
Keywords
Brazil, Health of Indigenous Peoples, Indians, South American, Obesity, Arterial Pressure, Alcohol Drinking
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DeCS
Brasil, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Índios Sul-Americanos, Diabetes Mellitus, Hipertensão, Pressão Arterial, Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas, Obesidade
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OLIVEIRA, Geraldo F.; et al. Prevalence of hypertension and associated factors in an indigenous community of Central Brazil: a population-based study. PLOS ONE, v. 9, n. 1, p. e86278, 2014
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10.1371/journal.pone.0086278
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