Suicide mortality in São Gabriel da Cachoeira, a predominantly indigenous Brazilian municipality

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open access
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Article
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2012
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Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Leônidas & Maria Deane. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisas Leônidas & Maria Deane. Manaus, AM, Brasil.
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Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics and the raw suicide mortality rates (RSMR) during the period 2000-2007 in the municipality with the largest proportion of self-reported indigenous people in Brazil, São Gabriel da Cachoeira (SGC), State of Amazonas. METHOD: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out using data from the Information Department of the Brazilian Unified Health System (DATASUS). We considered suicide the cause of death coded in the records as voluntary self-Inflicted injuries according to the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision. RESULTS: Forty-four suicide cases were registered in this period. The average RSMR was 16.8 per 100,000 inhabitants (male, 26.6; female, 6.3). The highest rates were observed in the age groups 15-24 years and 25-34 years, with RSMR of 43.1 and 30.2 per 100,000 inhabitants, respectively. Most suicides occurred among indigenous people (97.7%), males (81.8%), and unmarried people (70.5%). In most cases, deaths occurred at home (86.4%), during weekends (59.1%) and mainly by hanging (97.7%). CONCLUSION: Suicide is a significant health and social problem in SGC. The suicide profile observed in this municipality was, as a whole, more similar to that observed in certain indigenous communities than that found in most urban and non-indigenous environments, demonstrating the sociocultural specificity of these events in Brazil.
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Amazonas, Brasil, Índios Sul-Americanos, Região Norte, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Região Amazônica, Epidemiologia, Alto Rio Negro, Suicídio, Saúde Mental, Mortalidade, Estudos Epidemiológicos, Sistemas de Informação em Saúde, Saúde do Adolescente, Causas Externas
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Brasil, Índios Sul-Americanos, Ecossistema Amazônico, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Epidemiologia, Estudos Epidemiológicos, Saúde Mental, Mortalidade, Suicídio, Sistemas de Informação em Saúde, Saúde do Adolescente, Causas Externas
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SOUZA, Maximiliano Loiola Ponte de; ORELLANA, Jesem Douglas Yamall. Suicide mortality in São Gabriel da Cachoeira, a predominantly indigenous Brazilian municipality. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, v. 34, n. 1, p. 34-37, 2012.
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1516-4446
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10.1590/S1516-44462012000100007
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