Mortalidade infantil e classificação de sua evitabilidade por cor ou raça em Mato Grosso do Sul

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open access
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2019
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Pícoli, Renata Palópoli
Cazola, Luiza Helena de Oliveira
Nascimento, Débora Dupas Gonçalves
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Abstract
The epidemiological study aimed to investigate the mortality of children under one year and the classification of preventability by skin color or ethnicity in Mato Grosso do Sul state in the period 2005-2013 retrieved from the Mortality and Live Births Information Systems. The annual child mortality coefficient and the description of deaths by components and by group of preventable, ill-defined and non-preventable causes for the three triennia were elaborated. The child mortality coefficient declined for all skin color or ethnicity categories, with a predominance of brown and black children. The early neonatal component had higher mortality rates for all categories, except for the indigenous population, which recorded predominance of the post-neonatal component. Deaths were mainly due to preventable causes, and they were not homogeneous among skin color or ethnicity categories. Deaths from ill-defined causes predominated among indigenous and brown children. The investigation of deaths pointed to differences in the components of mortality and preventable causes according to racial and ethnic contour, which could contribute to the direction of public policies that qualify the mother and child care network, especially for ethnic minorities.
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Brasil, Saúde de Populações Indígenas, Índios Sul-Americanos, Desigualdades em Saúde, Mortalidade Infantil, Censos, Origem Étnica e Saúde
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PíCOLI, Renata Palópoli; CAZOLA, Luiza Helena de Oliveira; NASCIMENTO, Débora Dupas Gonçalves. Mortalidade infantil e classificação de sua evitabilidade por cor ou raça em Mato Grosso do Sul. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, v. 24, n. 9, p. 3315-3324, 2019.
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1678-4561, 1413-8123
DOI
10.1590/1413-81232018249.26622017
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